Recommended Books for UPSC IAS Mains Exam Preparation

READ BOOK No Such Thing as a Free Gift By Linsey McGoey –

Outstanding book Full review to come What thoughtful rich people call the problem of poverty thoughtful poor people with eual justice call the problem of riches R H TawneyThis uote is from the first page it should give you sense of what the book is Comic Print and Theatre in Early Modern Amsterdam about interesting thinking here to follow Guardian Review Times Review Probably the best book I have readll year I thought I knew Digital Trust a lotbout philanthropy Tootles The Taxi And Other Rhymes after working innd studying the On My Knees (Stark International Trilogy, aid industry for the past decade or This book tackles large philanthropy specifically Gates but shelso mentions Rockefeller Koch Brothers Ted etc I think this is must read for nyone working in development in their own country or The Three Elizabeths abroadnd should be on related course syllabuses Main message Gates has done The Hate U Give a lot of good but can be ruthless in their business tactics even in the realm of philanthropy And philanthropy isn important way to pursue vested business interests This book really speaks to the larger trends in development today with social entrepreneurship private sector led development Building Vocabulary Skills advancing their interests which was taboo in the past but now considered best practice Im left wondering how McGoey collected Sheet Metal Shop Practice all these stories from the inside Really well done Talkbout Cait and the Devil a well timed release Linsey McGoey s No Such Things Free Gift The Gates Foundation nd the Price of Philanthropy came out just weeks before Mark Zuckerberg Biggles In The Antarctic and Priscilla Channnounced the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative An Unofficial Encyclopedia of Strategy for Fortniters and set offn Internet wide firestorm The Ausar Auset Nutrition Handbook about philanthropynd its relationship with ineuality Girls Und Panzer, vol. 1 and democracyThis waslmost the book I had been waiting for But it only goes half way pointing out what s wrong in billionaire philanthropy without ny substantive nalysis of how to make things right or La Vilaine Lulu at least slightly better It builds on the work of other thoughtful critics including Rob Reich Mark Dowie Gara LaMarchend Joanne Barkan Becoming Daddys Cow: A Twisted Taboo Dubcon Lactation Body Transformation DD/lg Erotica andpplies it to the work of the Gates Foundation disclosure my former employer But it doesn t offer Filthy Rich Boys (Rich Boys of Burberry Prep, any newrguments or solutions And Granvilles New Strategy of Daily Stock Market Timing for Maximum Profit as Andy Beckett points out in his review it doesn t seem like McGoey spoke to many Gates Foundation employees to better understand how the structurend management of the foundation contribute to its shortcomingsMcGoey depicts those of us who work Artificial Evolution (Big Sigma, at foundationss naive idealistic TED Heads that jet round in business class from one to the next faddish conference without ever understanding the roots or realities of the problems we purport to ddress Sure you can find those types Nanny by Chance at many foundationsnd sadly their ilk is on the rise Mastering the Art of Self-Sufficiency in New Zealand as foundations increasingly recruit MBA generalists on thessumption that they re efficient nd outcome focused But if she had spoken with foundation employees McGoey would have discovered that many of philanthropy s toughest critics John, Paul Me-Before the Beatles are those of us that work on the inside event the Gates Foundation Each time we go through n existential crisis bout our work we Ion Adventure in the Heartland, Volume 1 ask ourselves uestion that McGoey mostly Psychotherapy of Personality Disorders avoids given the current political realities if not this then whatThe strongest section of the book lookst the implications of the Gates Foundation s choice to work with rather than Hedge Fund - tome 4 - L'hritire aux vingt milliards against Big Pharma to make progressgainst diseases that Here Comes The Sissy Bride (My Sissy Husband Confesses, affect the poorest That decision is rooted in Bill Gates belief that philanthropy can helpttract the smartest minds to the most important problems It s Places of Performance a noble goal that necessitates some ugly trade offs Supporters of the foundation s partnerships with pharmaceutical companiesrgue that The Alpha Wolf Bent Me Over as result poor people get მოგონებები შეფიცულთა რაზმზე access to new medicines fasternd cheaper while pharmaceutical companies gain The Heart of Business access to new markets Critics like McGoey point out that Big Pharma is making record profits that it uses to lobby governments for strict patent protectionsgainst generic euivalents government sanctioned monopolies that deny life saving medicine to poor people Hepatitis C for example Treasures of Darkness affects 150 million people worldwidend kills 700000 people each year There is Winning Sports Betting Strategies with Betaminic Big Data Tools for Football Betting Systems: A step-by-step guide to using the Betamin Builder Data Analysis ... soccer betting systems (English Edition) a treatment but it will cost you 1000 per daily pill 84000 for the full treatment The state of Illinois has paid tens of millions for the drugnd was forced to restrict Medicaid patients from treatment Generic versions of the drug in developing countries where 73% of Menopause and the Mind all people with hepatitis C live could bes low s 100 for the full treatment leading to healthier citizens nd productive economiesI fully Internet Marketing Essentials agree with McGoey that patent protections shouldn t keep people fromccessing medicines that could save their lives It was one of the Internet Marketing Revealed areas I was most interested in when I workedt Open Society Foundations yes Email Advertising Crash Course an evil private foundation But evens I in greement I was frustrated "that McGoey didn t substantively ddress tradeoffs of working with versus gainst "McGoey didn t substantively ddress the tradeoffs of working with versus A Guide to A Long Way Gone By Ishmael Beah against Pharmand that she didn t dig into the details of Gates Foundation s Global Access policy The foundation s Get Social - The Ultimate Online Marketing Guide For Social Good Companies approach to intellectual property is much nuanced than just patent protectiont Natural Stone in the Built Environment all costsShelso joins the chorus of voices demanding that the foundation s trust divest from oil companies without recognizing research that shows that divestment campaigns rarely work All that Internet Marketing for Smart People activist effort to get private foundations to divest from oil companies is distraction from what would really make Spanked in her Messy Diaper (An ABDL Tale) a difference higher taxes on carbon extractionnd consumption Tales From Underwood and cheaper renewable energyTo the degree that McGoey offers solution it s that wealthy people should pay taxes After the Kiss (Sex, Love Stiletto, and governments should provide uality public servicesnd Malcolm McDonald on Marketing Planning a basic safety net Igree Digital Marketing In A Week and both Bill Gatesnd Warren Buffet Le commerce des fourrures en occident a la fin du moyen-age (2 vol) are on record for supporting higher taxes Buffet has been especially vocal But McGoey s faith in governments to be the sole financier of public goods scientific researchnd the rts makes me think she s never lived in developing country It s model that works well t the University of Essex where she works but just sk researchers ctivists nd rtists in Mexico what they have to go through to get government supportFinally when I ponder the book s central premise that private foundations mount to unaccountable institutionalized plutocracy nd this is something I think bout freuently I ultimately come to the same conclusion Private foundations ren t the problem nd getting rid of them isn t the solution As Larry Kramer disclosure president of the Hewlett Foundation where I work rgues the problem is large ggregations of wealth Allocating those large ggregations of wealth to private foundations compared to says campaign finance lobbying or luxury yachts is the least of our worriesI d recommend this book to nyone who works in philanthropy nd to nyone interested in the relationship between wealth idealism nd democracy It reveals the many contradictions rampant in my field McGoey is deep subtle thinker who rewards her readers with great passages from 19th century literature sociological theory nd political philosophy It s n especially important read for ll those ttracted to the hype of social entrepreneurship nd the next TED conference For those of us who have been pondering philanthropy s shortcomings for some time however this is not the book to help us dvance our thinking on how to improve philanthropy nd its relationship with democracy Philanthro capitalism the highest stage of capitalism Through my ratings reviews nd edits I m providing intellectual property nd labor to com Inc listed on Nasda which fully owns Goodreadscom nd in 2014 posted revenues for 90 billion nd 271 million loss Intellectual property nd labor reuire compensation com Inc is lso reuested to provide ssurance that its employees nd contractors work conditions meet the highest health nd safety standards t ll the company s sitesI like philanthro capitalist ventures however catastrophic however tragic because they represent laboratory like d nouement or epiphany of what I understand is the real nature of capitalism s opposed to the mercantilism of the peopleThe book which lso has the m. Philanthro capitalism How charity became big businessThe charitable sector is one of the fastest growing industries in the global economy Nearly half of the than 85000 private foundations in the United States have come into being since the year 2000 Just under 5000 were established in 2011 lone This deluge of philanthropy has helped create world where billionaires wield power over education policy global griculture.

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Bition to be primer on neoliberalism nd s such covers too much ground shows us few billionnaires in ction Carnegie Rockefeller Soros Buffet Branson Gates nd how few uick fixes for the world s problems including social entreprenership nd micro finance muddle through the media the TED church the exclusive policy clubs nd eventually wreak havoc on innocent livesThe chapters on the Gates Foundation s uick fixes for the US education system polio or Africa s shuttered gricultural markets re breathtaking Apocalyptic chain reactions of unintended conseuences re triggered by half baked plans supported by outrageously generous cash outs And they reveal that the real im of grand capitalism is not profit but to wield the power needed to shape society s it pleases This is the case for example of our lord nd master Jeff Bezos who has put together monster organization that is systematically making losses nd nonetheless thrives on the euity market which hails its success t disrupting whatever it can disruptThe book s major weakness feel free to skip the mateurish part on the nthropological theory of the gift consists in wanting to see profit seeking motives in the Gates Foundation s policy choices nd partnerships with Goldman Sachs Buffet s Berkshire Hathaway Monsanto nd Coca Cola where they re just the result of what in foundation speak is called leverage ie the idea that measure of charitable programme s success is its bility to catalyse powerful lliances Gates teams up with Monsanto because it s like minded organization which shares his fierce views on intellectual property nd the bility of technology to dish out solutions for society s problems which when pplied to reality never go to plan Omnipotence not money is the ultimate end of grant nd profit makingHow can omnipotence grant making be curbed The uthor suggests revoking the tax llowance system now ssociated with charitable giving But this would only ffect the charitable giving of the people leaving omnipotence giving undisturbed What is needed is probably for grant making organizations to have to mandatorily chieve license to operate granted to them by the beneficiaries who should be systematically involved in deciding how the generous gift should ffect their community nd institutions both in developed nd developing countriesThe gift is not free not because the donor is seeking to make profit from it but beacuse the ct of giving the gift is intrinsically undemocratic The beneficiary does not even know the donation is taking place nd cannot turn it down Allowing the beneficiaries the choice to ccept the gift nd dictate how it should be spent could make the gift free For on the democratization of philanthropy The Revolution Will Not Be Fun I really wanted to like this I think we should be taking good look t what McGoey terms philanthrocapitalism nd I think she makes some good points But ultimately I think she comes to conclusions that the evidence doesn t support nd she s so eager to criticize that she misses the pointHere s what I greed with philanthropy on the grand scale could do lot better transparency Because of Board of Directors usually the people who ultimately make the funding decisions confidentiality people don t lways know how or why grants re made social enterprise business or social benefit businesses deserve lot of scrutiny We definitely should not take ny business t their word that claims to be doing social good nd it can often be smokescreen other parts I ve read number of books on philanthropy over the last couple of years but I think this is the one I would most highly recommend if you were thinking of reading just one I think that is because it uses Carnegie nd Bill Gates s examples to show how philanthropy has been used to make the world in the image of very wealthy people Both men made their fortunes by using monopolistic practices nd often if not ctually breaking the law coming so close so s to leave taint nd stench of nything but n excess of morality Both then sought kind of redemption by giving way large proportions of their wealth But this giving way idea is complicatedFirst of ll there re tax benefits in giving way money At one point in this the uthor says that if n insanely wealthy person gives way 100 million they might save 75 million in taxes You might think well we re still 25 million better off than if they hadn t given the only problem is that we don t get to decide where ny of that money is spent It might ll go to Yale or it might go to the Opera Money paid in taxes is much likely to redistribute wealth than donations to charities do that is taxes tend to help the poor than money rich people overall donate to charities nd this is because rich person often gives their tax deductable money to their favourite form of recreation which doesn t lways help the poor in nyway t llBut bigger problem is that rich donors have n out sized influence on the overall direction of many of the organisations they support So even when these organisations re set up to do good or s Gates seems to like to say to do god s work their preferences can override the choices that experts might otherwise have made I m going to that experts might otherwise have made I m going to few examples hereThe first is in n rea I m particularly interested in education A while go Gates became bit obsessed with small schools He noticed that small schools were often t the top of the chievement distribution curve It is not too hard to come up with series of reasons why this might be the case Smaller schools have intimate relationships with their students they re like community maybe the students ll feel like family nd so help each other out perhaps teachers get better opportunity to deeply engage with their students rather seeing them s some faceless hoard All of these reasons sound plausible enough However the ctual reason is basic statistics If you have large school it is going to be populated by lots of kids nd having lots of kids will mean kids t ll "levels of bility Which in turn means large school is likely to end up pretty "of bility Which in turn means large school is likely to end up pretty to the verage school pretty much in the same way that if I toss coin million times I m likely to come pretty close to 5050 heads to tails But if you have small school nd couple of well educated families send their kids to the school that could tip the school s results right up to the top of the chievement curve in much the same way that if I toss coin five times I might end up with ll heads nd no tails Small samples re easily skewed large ones not so much If Bill had looked he would have noticed that small schools were clustered t the bottom of the chievement curve too nd for exactly the same reason they just ended up with tails than heads by the luck of the draw It is easier for small school to over or under chieve than it is for large schoolBut Bill was ttracted by the interesting nd plausible reasons for small schools doing better than he was with the boring statistical reasons nd so he pumped millions into researching nd supporting small schools All good you say so what if he was wrong Money was still going to schools nd so the world is still better place Yeah except for what happened next One day the results started coming in nd those weren t so good So Bill decided to cut funding to the project It s his money fter ll Except that the schools that had come to rely on that money were left high nd dry They had become victims of the whims of wealthy donor with short ttention span something perhaps caused by his spending too much time interacting with screen based technologiesBut even whim isn t the worst of the problems isn t the worst of the problems It would be hard to criticise billionaire who sets out to eradicate polio or to end malaria or to vaccinate Africa What could you possibly have gainst that Well gain the problem is that we re dealing with n ll too human being nd one who has no rea. And global health than ever beforeCharities link the farmers in Africa to the boardrooms of corporate foundations nd the corridors of the World Economic Forum t Davos Far from being selfless plutocratic philanthropy may be the ultimate profit making toolIn No Such Thing s Free Gift uthor nd cademic Linsey McGoey puts this new golden ge of philanthropy under the microscope paying particular ttention to the Bi. L expertise in the rea of health that he has come to dominate He lso ppears to be doing lot of this work t least in part to be recognised nd remembered for it Look many of us want immortality of some sort or other I guess However his immortality can complicate the lives of many many people An example given in this book is the efforts that re being made to fully eradicate polio This has been major focus of Gates nd lthough this isn t literally said in the book it might be because it would make for particularly good news story if diseases with name everyone knows ends up getting eradicated due to his efforts However in seeking to fully eradicate polio other diseases that cause much harm nd deaths re being ignored or sidelinedThe problems get difficult because people who re rich tend to think that how they became rich is natural inevitable nd n indication of their own virtue nd merit And gain perhaps we re ll deluded in our own ways but the impact of say my delusions re likely to be fairly minor whereas someone who has wealth in the order of 100 billion they can basically weaponise their delusions Now for virtually ll of his life Gates has spent his time protecting copywrite laws his wealth depended upon it so it is hardly surprising he is fairly keen on the subject However defending patents nd copywrite laws in the face of the crushing poverty of the global south isn t necessarily in the best interests of these people The examples given mostly involve him seeking technological fixes for the problems of the developing world the creation of higher yield seeds or of patent medicines nd these come with price tag Charity is business in so many ways But here the lines between id nd business become particularly blurred The example is discussed gain here of the Indian farmers forced by the high cost of Monsanto crops to commit suicide by drinking the pesticide they need to purchase nd that has driven them into crushing poverty Another example is HIVAIDS where he has not supported the use of drugs s preventative some ntiretrovirals reduce the viral load in persons bodily fluids nd this in turn means those infected re less likely to pass on the virus to their sexual partners But Gates has strenuously opposed this Now there might be many reasons for him doing this one of which might be his stated concern that since there is only so much money to go round it would be effective to pursue prevention rather than cures However s someone uoted here says ccess to ARVs ntiretrovirals would be threat to intellectual property the regime of which he staunchly supports This book is fascinating not least because it covers so many spects of Gates ctivities griculture health education while lso linking the discussion round these back to his employment investment nd other business histories The biggest concern here is that Gates has bought his way onto the world stage He has power than the majority of world leaders maybe than ll of them given he has not fixed time to retire Also unlike those world leaders he is lmost entirely unaccountable At one point in this book n exchange is uoted between Gates nd Piketty Piketty had just given speech in which he called for wealth tax Gates is uoted s saying to him fter the speech I love everything that s in your book but I don t want to pay tax Piketty is uoted s saying I think he sincerely believes he s efficient than the government nd you know maybe his is sometimes Yeah maybe he is but there re no conseuences for the times when he is not efficient And because he has so much power that becomes real problem No Such Thing s Free Gift by Linsey McGoey is n interesting if flawed critiue on philanthro capitalism By critiue I mean scathing furious rebuke of organizations like the Gate s Foundation nd their upper crust supporters who McGoey refers to s TED Heads McGoey is highly critical in her book nd makes some excellent criticisms of flawed system For example she is critical of Gates support for privatized schooling metrics on teaching performance that instigate disciplinary ction for poor scores privatized online teaching pharmaceutical exposure to disease reduction nd Many of these rticles re interesting but McGoey is so venomous in her criticism it may turn many readers wayMcGoey is obviously operating from n ideological standpoint She is highly critical of private companies nd ny corporate participation in governance or education which seems bit overzealous Although private institutions re not lways the most efficient the most successful or even the most competent "institutions to handle issues they may not be the worst either McGoey "to handle issues they may not be the worst either McGoey to be criticizing for the sake of criticizing offering little in the way of fact or figure in some of her rguments She criticizes the Gates Foundation for combating Polio in the developing world for example by stating that there re important diseases such s measles that should be eradicated instead I wonder if she would criticize measles campaign because there re other disease besides that s wellI could go on nd on here This book was interesting nd I do recommend it It explores the field of philanthropy which is often heaped with praise nd yet bused s tax dodge or n integration point to make vulnerable people reliant on certain industry tech or way to dvertise nd dodge or n integration point to make vulnerable people reliant on certain industry tech or way to dvertise nd corporate image s opposed to what it should be way to lleviate poverty reduce disease impact nd improve lives Philanthropy can rightly be criticized s the table scraps of the rich s McGoey points out A uote from this book ttributed to John Kenneth Galbraith compares the relationship between philanthropists nd the poor s horse nd sparrow The horse is fed oats nd the sparrows feed from the road This too is how I view philanthro capitalism It is easy to praise the generosity of billionaires who have too much money to know what to do with it But many of these people Gates included grew so powerful off of tax voidance schemes monopoly power selfish lobbying nd overseas workers to name just few of the ccusations leveled t Microsoft under Gates A proper wealth redistribution framework within nation is much powerful than random table scraps from wealthy man It is better for nations that receive foreign donations to develop their economies nd support their citizens there own way s opposed to receiving id reliant on foreign cultural norms nd practices that may be lien to the id receivers Frankly this is book that I liked in lot of ways But it was lso scathingly written poorly sourced nd ideologically driven A scathing critiue of philanthro capitalism is much needed but this short treatise just barely scratches the surface nd does not do justice to the issue McGoey however wrote n interesting book nd I could hesitantly recommend it to those interested in economics philanthropy nd social justice topics I would give this book 10 stars if I could This is one of the best non fiction books I ve read ever McGoey does n impressive job of gathering her facts nd basing her rguments on clear data I hesitate to say rgu This is my second read through of this Overall opinion I really like this book Linsey is cogent incredibly well researched funny nd likable This is critiue not nearly so vitriolic s some of the other reviews would state but rather dry well balanced nd uite often dding in caveats to the positive for the critiued parties Not everything of course is so well balanced but
it s fair critiue less bias than one would expect from work of this nature Dislikes Anti GMO ism is so 2016 Can we move on lready An nthropologist McGoey is not You could skip the whole history of the gift section nd be better off That s it which should probably say enough considering the lengthy rants I m prone to if you ready my other reviews This book pairs excellently with A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Ll nd Melinda Gates Foundation As large charitable organizations replace governments s the providers of social welfare their largesse becomes suspect The businesses fronting the money often create the very economic instability nd ineuality the foundations re purported to solve We re entering n ge when the ideals of social justice re dependent on the strained rectitude nd uestionable generosity of the mega rich.